Shawn C. Smith
Lincoln Christian College and Seminary
Inclusivists argue that Justin Martyr was an inclusivist like themselves. Previous research has demonstrated that he was not a pluralist or an optimistic inclusivist. Distinguishing between an optimistic and pessimistic inclusivist, Justin should not be regarded as an inclusivist even of the pessimistic sort. His label of Christian for some ancient philosophers was figurative, and even if literal, its association with pre- Christian philosophers who had access to special revelation does not coincide with popular inclusivist expositions.