"To think is to be vulnerable," writes Douglas John Hall in the opening chap- ter (26) of his 1993 volume The Cross in Our Context (Augsburg Fortress). To know should lead people to want to know more, to be aware there is always more to know, more to understand better. This is all the more true when the subject of our know- ing is God in all his complexity; Christ in the variegations of his mission, his pur- pose, his person; or the church in its form, function, and relationship to the world and culture. Those of us who teach or preach or write about such things need to develop a healthy humility in what we present, respectful of those who have other things to say, open to continued learning from others, even inviting critique of our own views. Thus, regardless of the expertise of our contributors, SCJ does not pre- sent their articles as the final word on their subjects, nor is the publication of them necessarily an endorsement of their views. Thus, regardless of the knowledgeable contributors to the pages of SCJ, what is presented is never viewed as the final say in any matter. Taken from our purpose statement, SCJ is a "platform" to invite dia- logue and discussion. To this end, email addresses of article contributors are pro- vided at the beginning of each article. All readers are invited to respond directly to these authors with thoughts, dialogue, questions, critiques, perhaps even encour- agement and appreciation as well. However, those who communicate to our authors are asked to do so with a healthy humility regarding their own views.
Hall also writes, "Authentic theology involves a lifelong commitment to thought and a concomitant vigilance against the tendency of individuals and com- munities to turn the products of thought into ironclad systems that discourage or preclude further thought" (26). It is to be expected that SCJ readers who are com- mitted to the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement treasure the wonderful ideals of our heritage. To be true to those ideals involves examining them and discussing them. However, we should not think that any one person or any group within the Stone-Campbell Movement has the "authorized" view of what those ideals mean, which ones need to be preserved, or how they need to be applied today. As ideals preserved in historical documents penned by the likes of Barton W. Stone and Thomas and Alexander Campbell, they are necessarily open to public inquiry and discussion, which is what a publication like SCJ provides. Such public discussion demands engagement as friends with a healthy humility that thirsts to know more, understand better.
Finally, Hall (31-32) quotes respected expositor, Barbara Brown Taylor (Christian Century, June 6-12, 2001, 32), who in turn paraphrases the thoughts of Nicholas of Cusa, which challenge all of us: "In Nicholas's scheme, the dumbest people in the world are those who think they know. Their certainty about what is Stone-Campbell Journal 12 (Spring, 2009) 12 true not only pits them against each other; it also prevents them from learning any- thing new. This is truly dangerous knowledge. They do not know that they do not know."
The articles in this issue offer seven solid articles as a platform for dialogue. James O. Duke (Brite Divinity School) offers in print his presentation from the 2008 SCJ Conference on the hermeneutics of early Restoration leaders. John C. Nugent (Great Lakes Christian College) follows this up with a carefully nuanced under- standing of Alexander Campbell's adaptation of Baconianism. James Hoover (Pioneer Bible Translators) challenges the standard Reformed exegesis of Rom 9:22-23. Jennifer Thweatt-Bates (Princeton Theological Seminary) carefully enters the mine- field of science and religion. Bruce Shields offers valuable insight regarding the impact preachers have on their congregations' vocabularies. J. David Miller (Milligan College) examines how contemporary English versions of the Bible deal with the special challenges of key NT texts regarding women. Finally, Chris A. Rollston (Emmanuel School of Religion) and Thomas Scott Caulley (Institute for the Study of Christian Origins) provide a helpful review of the long-awaited publication of The Transforming Word, a one-volume Bible Commentary from ACU Press, edited by SCJ consulting editor, Mark Hamilton (Abilene Christian University).
For those who will be at the 2009 NACC in Louisville, Kentucky, plan to attend our sponsored lecture by Chris Rollston (Emmanuel School of Religion), "Victorious and Vanquished Voices: Women in the Hebrew Bible." Also, for the first time, SCJ will have a booth at the Disciples of Christ General Assembly in Indianapolis (July 29August 2). In light of the strong attendance and enthusiasm for our SCJ reception at the Society of Biblical Literature Meeting in 2008, we will once again plan to be hosting a reception at the SBL in New Orleans in 2009. The time frame will be the same: 5:006:30 on Friday evening, November 20. The featured event will be a conversation with Mark Hamilton about the production of The Tranforming Word.
William R. Baker, Editor
Leading thinkers of the Stone-Campbell Movement during the antebellum era
called on Christians to conform their faith to the Bible alone independently
of any other church authorities. Their position, an amalgam of Protestant,
Enlightenment, and Common Sense thought, reflected confidence that Gods
revelation in the Scriptures was intelligible to common people. Reviewed here
are advisories on responsible biblical interpretation by Alexander Campbell,
Tolbert Fanning, Robert Richardson, and James Sanford Lamar. Despite dif-
fering emphases, all four dealt with views and resources in discussion among
scholars in the United States, England, and continental Europe.
The Stone-Campbell Movement has been singled out by the scholarly commu-
nity for relying upon Scottish Baconianism. For this reason scholars outside the
movement routinely belittle it, and scholars within either downplay, criticize,
or strive to move beyond such reliance. A closer examination of primary sources
reveals that Scottish Baconianism is not as intrinsic to the Stone-Campbell
vision as is often assumed and that Campbell himself offers resources for tran-
In a culture which valorizes science and technology, science is often seen as the
purest form of human rational inquiry: objective, comprehensive, and effective,
while in contrast, religion is personal, irrational, and largely irrelevant. The sci-
ence and religion dialogue is, then, a testing ground for the rationality of reli-
gion. Using Ian Barbour's classic typology as a starting point, this article will
make a case for a "postfoundational" rationality which includes both scientific
and religious pursuit as valid and equal expressions of human rationality.
One result that preaching accomplishes in the lives of regular hearers is the for- mation of a vocabulary. As we hear the preacher talk about God and the God- oriented life, we discover God-oriented words and thus develop ways to think about lifeways that are distinct from and often opposite to the ways most of the rest of the world communicates. This paper investigates the process of vocabulary formation and how it stimulates formation of consciousness and character.
Romans 9:22-23 is thought to support a Calvinistic understanding of the doc- trine of man. Consequently, some non-Calvinists avoid it or surround it with disconnected proof texts more friendly to their anthropology. Interaction with what John Piper calls four problems in Romans 9:22-23 will yield the follow- ing understanding of this scripture: Gods sovereign purpose is to reveal the wealth of his glory (wrath, power, mercy) through Jesus to those who have resist- ed his will and made themselves fit for destruction so that they might present themselves solely to God in worship and prove by their new manner of life that Gods will is good and glorious.
Pauls words about women are a hotbed of debate. Consensus in interpretation awaits consensus in translation. Some translation issues have attracted abundant attention; interpreters have taken sides and stand at somewhat of a stalemate. Three such issues are summarized below. Other translation issues remain more open for discussion. Proposals regarding some of these issuesfrom 1 Corinthians 11, 1 Corinthians 14, and Ephesians 5form the bulk of the paper.
Publication of The Transforming Word: A One-Volume Commentary on
the Bible, edited by Mark W. Hamilton, by Abilene Christian University
Press, 2009, has been in process for nearly a decade. Its publication in Spring
2009 marks a stunning achievement for those in the heritage of the Stone-
Campbell Restoration Movement, especially those in among Churches of Christ
(a cappella) who are the primary contributors to its over 1000 pages. This arti-
cle joins together the reviews of two leading scholars, one NT and the other OT,
from Christian Churches (independent) of this movement.
Edward J. Robinson, To Save My Race from Abuse: The life of Samuel Robert Cassius
Edward J. Robinson, Show us How you Do it: Marshall Keeble and the Rise of Black Churches of Christ in the United States, 1914-1968
George M. Marsden, A Short Life of Jonathan Edwards
Mark Weedman, The Trinitarian Theology of Hilary of Poitiers. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 89
Sabine Dramm, Dietrich Bonhoeffer: An Introduction to His Thought
John H. Armstrong, ed., Understanding Four Views on Baptism
Ben Witherington III., Making a Meal of It: Rethinking the Theology of the Lord's Supper
Kevin J. Vanhoozer, Charles A. Anderson and Michael J. Sleasman, Everyday Theology: How to Read Cultural Texts and Interpret Trends
Peter J. Leithart, Solomon Among the Postmoderns
Paul Copan, When God Goes to Starbucks: A Guide to Everyday Apologetics
John Piper and Justin Taylor, eds., The Supremacy of Christ in a Postmodern World
Lee C. Camp, Mere Discipleship: Radical Christianity in a Rebellious World
M. Daniel Carroll R., Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, and the Bible
Mark Hulsether, Religion, Culture and Politics in the Twentieth-Century United States
Robert E. Webber, Who Gets to Narrate the World? Contending for the Christian Story in an Age of Rivals
John Polkinghorne, The Way the World Is: The Christian Perspective of a Scientist
Michael W. Goheen and Craig G. Bartholomew. Living at the Crossroads: an Introduction to Christian Worldview
John Corrie, ed., Dictionary of Mission Theology: Evangelical Foundations
Tom Steffen and Lois McKinney Douglas, Encountering Missionary Life and Work: Preparing for Intercultural Ministry
Benjamin L. Merkle, 40 Questions About Elders and Deacons
Craig Van Gelder, ed., The Missional Church in Context: Helping Congregations Develop Contextual Ministry
Sidney Greidanus Preaching Christ From Genesis: Foundations for Expository Sermons
Michael Pasquarello, III., Christian Preaching: A Trinitarian Theology of Proclamation
Kim Gaines Eckert, Stronger Than You Think: Becoming Whole Without Having To Be Perfect
Lynn Gardner, Where Is God When We Suffer? What the Bible Says About Series
S. White Crawford, A. Ben-Tor, J. P. Dessel, W. G. Dever, A. Mazar, and J. Aviram, eds. Up To the Gates of Ekron: Essays on the Archaeology and History of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honor of Seymour Gitin
Bruce Waltke with Charles Yu, An Old Testament Theology: An Exegetical, Canonical, and Thematic Approach
James K. Bruckner, Exodus, New International Biblical Commentary
Marvin A. Sweeney, I and II Kings. Old Testament Library Commentary
Peter Leithart, 1 & 2 Kings, Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible
Stephen M. Hooks, Job, The College Press NIV Commentary
Tremper Longman, III & Peter Enns, eds., Dictionary of the Old Testament Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
Leo G. Perdue. Wisdom Literature: A Theological History
Christopher R. Seitz, Prophecy and Hermeneutics: Toward a New Introduction to the Prophets
Christopher R. Seitz, Prophecy and Hermeneutics: Toward a New Introduction to the Prophets, Studies in Theological Interpretation
Sidnie White Crawford, Rewriting Scripture in Second Temple Times. Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature
Abraham Wasserstein and Davd J. Wasserstein. The Legend of the Septuagint: From Classical Antiquity to Today
Richard J. Goodrich and Albert L. Lukaszewski, eds. A Reader's Greek New Testament. 2nd ed. and Barclay M. Newman, ed. The UBS Greek New Testament. A Reader's Edition
William Loader, The New Testament with Imagination: A Fresh Approach to Its Writings and Themes
Serge Ruzer. Mapping the New Testament: Early Christian Writings as a Witness for Jewish Biblical Exegesis. Jewish and Christian Perspectives Series
T. Scott Womble, Beyond Reasonable Doubt: 95 Theses Which Dispute the Church's Conviction Against Women
Kenneth D. Boa & Robert M. Bowman Jr. Sense and Nonsense About Heaven & Hell
Timothy Paul Jones, Misquoting Truth: A Guide to the Fallacies of Bart Ehrman's Misquoting Jesus
Brad H. Young, Meet the Rabbis: Rabbinic Thought and the Teachings of Jesus
Paul Barnett, Paul: Missionary of Jesus
Michael J. Gorman, Reading Paul
Quotables for this issue were chosen by Ethelene Bruce White, Graduate Student Harding University Graduate School of Religion
"In a tradition that owes much of its idiosyncratic character to the rational hermeneutic method adopted from the philosophies of Locke and Bacon, the proposition that religious faith is rational, and as such, may dialogue with and benefit from the academic disciplines, including the sciences, ought not to be controversial."
"Indeed, the task of biblical interpretation was especially significant for the newborn SCM movement because it advocated sola scriptura without secondary doctrinal standards."
"While opposing the notion of a direct or immediate, efficient causal illumination of the Holy Spirit, [Robert] Richardson was concerned throughout his career with investigatingand highlightingmanifold indirect influences of the Spirit operative in and through Scripture (as God's written Word) and other of God's means of grace."
"First, one does not walk in Campbell's shoes by adopting the same methods and frameworks he adopted in his engagement of the church and world; one does so by asking in our day the same kinds of questions he asked in his. So rather than ask how Scottish Baconianism may be adapted to unite God's people, we might ask how postmodern through, for example, may serve church unity."
"Noncreedal Campbellites may also find relevance in Campbell's insistence that when it comes to membership, discipleship, and church unity, we must promote liberty of opinion with reference to speculative ideas arrived at by climbing the ladder of abstraction beyond the words of Scripture."
"As specific reasoning strategies, theology and science both participate in the universal quest for intelligibility but neither reasoning strategy is autonomous or self-sufficient."
"In order to facilitate spiritual formation through our preaching, we must let the Spirit form us and our preaching."
"Our spiritual growth depends to a great extent on a spiritual vocabularya way of talking about God and the divine in our lives. Preaching can give us that and can even encourage the use of such words in the church and beyond."
"God's patient endurance serves God's desire to make known all his glorious attributes and not merely wrath and power."
"So God's chief aim in his sovereignty is that those who resisted his will and fitted themselves for condemnation might see in Jesus the wealth of his glory (wrath, power, mercy), present themselves solely to God in worship, and thus prove by their new manner of life that submitting to God's will is good and all-satisfying."
"The accuracy of our English Bibles is therefore at the heart of the matter. How can we make progress if our foundation is flawed, if we are indeed reading the wrong words?"
"Let us not be content with translations that are close to correct. Paying careful attention to the details of translated biblical texts is necessary groundwork."