In a culture which valorizes science and technology, science is often seen as the
purest form of human rational inquiry: objective, comprehensive, and effective,
while in contrast, religion is personal, irrational, and largely irrelevant. The sci-
ence and religion dialogue is, then, a testing ground for the rationality of reli-
gion. Using Ian Barbour's classic typology as a starting point, this article will
make a case for a "postfoundational" rationality which includes both scientific
and religious pursuit as valid and equal expressions of human rationality.