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Volume 13 Issue 1

13.1 Quote

One of the delights of my role as SCJ editor is encouraging scholars to write. Young scholars emerging from immersion in their Ph.D. studies need to know that others want to read about their research in SCJ. Other scholars, buried in grading papers, active in institutional committees, with families in full bloom need sympathetic encouragement to write in their fields of expertise. SCJ is pleased to be the medium of the first publication of such people. Hopefully, this will build confidence to complete larger projects, like publishing theses and dissertations, editing symposia and reference works, and releasing books through major publishers. And when books begin to appear, SCJ makes it a priority to review them.

The annual SCJ Conference brings scholars together, young and old, to be energized in their academic pursuits, including their writing. To discover even one other person who understands one's narrow area of study and shares other interests can provide the boost to get back to work on that article or book idea.

But it also provides an opportunity to have a book published. Most are aware that many meetings between editors and potential authors take place during the Society of Biblical Literature and Evangelical Theological Society annual meetings. Now, something like this has happened via the SCJ Conference. One of our regular attendees, Les Hardin (Florida Christian College), talked about an idea with Jack Kragt, who was representing Kregel with their book display. This led Les to make a formal proposal to Kregel that was accepted. The book, The Spirituality of Jesus, was published in Fall, 2009, and Kregel even placed an ad for it on p. 234 of SCJ 12.2. A complementary notice about it also appeared in the November, 2009, issue of Christianity Today.

Such things give me great satisfaction. They signal the growth of our scholars to find publishers ready to publish their work. They signal the SCJ Conference accomplishing the type of goal that one associates with major academic conferences.

Our scholars are writing in more venues than ever before. The opportunities are there. Publishers have told me that they want to hear from potential authors from the heritage of the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement because they know we come from a strong, biblical foundation, and that people from our heritage are avid readers. So, if you are wondering if anyone would ever want to publish your work, be encouraged: they do. If you know scholars who are not finding time to write, encourage them, ask them to tell you about their ideas, tell them to submit their idea to me or to a book publisher. Publication does happen, but it requires dedication to the task of writing and confidence to connect with a willing publisher.

This issue of SCJ features the work of three young scholars and three veteran scholars. Ethelene Bruce White's novel article covers a revealing slice of Stone- Campbell history as she identifies the distinctive position of Alexander Campbell's sister, Jane, regarding slavery with that of her more famous brother. White, a student at Harding Graduate School of Religion received first-place in the 2009 SCJ Conference Student Paper Competition for this interesting article. Peter Cariaga, another student scholar, writes the first article ever on the specialty field of Stone-Campbell hymnology with an interesting article that examines Alexander Campbell's first hymnal. Gregory McKenzie, a recent graduate of Harding Graduate School of Religion and an active missionary in Peru, engages in a study of Barton Stone's Christology, always a challenging topic.

Veteran scholars fill out the rest of this issue. Hugh Henry and Dan Dyke engage in a fresh way with the issue of evolution, J.J.M. Roberts tackles Isaiah, which represents one of his 2009 SCJ Conference presentations, and David Fiensy, an SCJ Consulting Editor, deals with the matter of the influence of Jesus on Paul.

Readers will see that the review section features two reviews of the same book, the new book by Richard Hughes, Christian America and the Kingdom of God. Both Kathy Pulley (Missouri State University) and Ron Highfield, an SCJ editor (Pepperdine University) review this important book from a highly respected historian.

A note on our totally revamped website is in order. For two years we have anticipated having available all the SCJ articles and reviews in pdf format. This is now accomplished. Book reviews for each issue are available for free download (with registration), a complete index of articles can be downloaded, individual articles are available to print (for a cost), and electronic pricing schemes can now be chosen. Take a look. Use it for research and a teaching tool.

William R. Baker, Editor

Harding Graduate School of Religion


Jane Campbell McKeever was an early leader in the American Restoration Movement through her founding of a college for women, similar to Bethany College for men established by her brother Alexander. Both siblings were highly intelligent, multitalented, deeply religious, and committed to family. There was,  however,  strong  disagreement  between  them  concerning  slavery  and  its abolition. Overall, Jane and Alexander agreed on the evils of slavery as practiced in America, but they disagreed almost completely on what to do about them.

Oklahoma Christian University


This study examines the first edition of Alexander Campbell's Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual Songs and evaluates whether the hymnal served as a statement of faith, a "creed in metre," for Campbell's followers. The study investigates the origins of the various hymns, common themes among the hymns, the significance  of  selected  composers,  and  the  use  of  the  hymnal  among  Campbell's churches. Special attention is also given to what the hymns and the hymn writers reveal about Campbell's theology.

Arequipa, Peru

Abstract (copy 1)

For Barton W. Stone, agreement with the Bible's statements about Christ was the most that one could require of a believer's Christology. Any teaching beyond these statements, such as the doctrine of the Trinity, was at best an opinion and at worst a threat to the unity of the church. Stone desired to demonstrate the viability  of  unity  among  "Bible  only"  Christians,  yet  his  literal-logical hermeneutic was at odds with the need for Christianity's essential confessions to have meaning beyond recitation of Bible words.

Northern Kentucky University, Cincinnati Christian University

Abstract (copy 1)

The  three  pillars  of  the  naturalistic  Theory  of  Evolution—abiogenesis, microevolution, and macroevolution—are reviewed in the context of mythology and of the modern scientific method. It is observed that three critical elements  of  a  scientific  theory  are  not  met:  predictability,  reproducibility,  and falsifiable testability. On the other hand, the theory conforms quite well to the characteristics of a myth. Right or wrong, naturalistic evolution in its current state seems more myth than science.

Princeton Theological Seminary
Kentucky Christian University
Download book reviews for this issue.

Richard J. Cherok, Debating for God: Alexander Campbell's Challenge to Skepticism in Antebellum America

Keith B. Huey (Rochester College)

Charles Simpson, Inside the Churches of Christ: The Reflection of a Former Pharisee on What Every Christian Should Know about the Nondenomenation Denomination

Wes Harrison (Ohio Valley University)

Lawrence A.Q. Burnley, The Cost of Unity: African-American Agency and Education in the Christian Church, 1865?1914

Edward J. Robinson (Abilene Christian University)

Richard S. Newman, Freedom's Prophet: Bishop Richard Allen, the AME Church, and the Black Founding Fathers

Edward J. Robinson (Abilene Christian University)

Herman J. Selderhuis, John Calvin: A Pilgrim's Life

Bryan Spragg (Lincoln Christian University)

Brian Stanley, The World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh 1910

Michael L. Sweeney (Emmanuel School of Religion)

Paul L. Maier, ed., Eusebius: The Church History, A New Translation with Commentary

Ronald E. Heine (Northwest Christian University)

S.J. McGrath, Heidegger: A (Very) Critical Introduction

Joshua R. Furnal (Durham University)

James R. Peters, The Logic of the Heart: Augustine, Pascal, and the Rationality of Faith

Steven D. Cone (Lincoln Christian University)

Bruce A. Ware, Paul Helm, Roger E. Olson, and John Sanders, Perspectives on the Doctrine of God: 4 Views

Wm. Curtis Holtzen (Hope International University)

Robert B. Stewart, ed., The Future of Atheism: Alister McGrath & Daniel Dennett in Dialogue

Rich Knopp (Lincoln Christian University)

James W. Sire and Carl Peraino, Deepest Differences: A Christian-Atheist Dialogue

Joshua R. Furnal (Durham University)

John Milbank, The Future of Love: Essays in Political Theology

Jess O. Hale, Jr. (Austin Peay State University)

John Howard Yoder, Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution

Robert P. Maupin (Lincoln Christian University)

Richard T. Hughes, Christian America and the Kingdom of God

Kathy J. Pulley (Missouri State University)

Richard T. Hughes, Christian America and the Kingdom of God

Ron Highfield (Pepperdine University)

Justo L. González and Catherine Gunsalus González, Heretics for Armchair Theologians

David Nydegger (Baylor University)

Rufus Burrow, Jr., Martin Luther King Jr. for Armchair Theologians

Nathan Segars (West President Church of Christ)

Harold Shank, Listening to His Heartbeat: What the Bible Says about the Heart of God

Brian D. Smith (Florida Christian College)

Anthony N.S. Lane, A Reader's Guide to Calvin's Institutes

L. Thomas Smith, Jr. (Johnson Bible College)

Andrew R. Wheeler, Together in Prayer: Coming to God in Community

Chris Ambrose (Linwood Ave Union Church)

Todd D. Hunter, Christianity beyond Belief: Following Jesus for the Sake of Others

Ron Clark (George Fox Evangelical Seminary)

Mark Husbands and Jeffrey P. Greenman, eds., Ancient Faith for the Church's Future

C.J. Dull (Central Christian College of the Bible)

Mark Driscoll and Gerry Breshears, Vintage Church: Timeless Truths and Timely Methods

Chauncey A. Lattimer, Jr. (Lincoln Christian Seminary)

Frank Viola and George Barna, Pagan Christianity: Exploring the Roots of Our Church Practices

Kent Sanders (Saint Louis Christian College)

Bonnie Thurston, For God Alone: A Primer on Prayer

T. Scott Womble (Saint Louis Christian College)

Calvin Miller, The Path of Celtic Prayer: An Ancient Way to Everyday Joy

Karen Lindsay (Northwest Christian University)

Scott T. Gibson, Should We Use Someone Else's Sermon? Preaching God in a Cut-and-Paste World

Steve Carr (Echo Church)

Audrey Borschel, Preaching Prophetically When the News Disturbs: Interpreting the Media

Thomas R. Cash (West Liberty Church of Christ)

William Sloan Coffin, The Collected Sermons of William Sloan Coffin

Billy W. Jones (Saint Louis Christian College)

Kent and Barbara Hughes, Liberating Ministry from the Success Syndrome

Ralph K. Hawkins (Kentucky Christian University)

Mark A. Yarhouse and James N. Sells, Family Therapies: A Comprehensive Christian Appraisal

Suzanne Stangland (Cincinnati, OH)

Gerd Theissen, The Bible and Contemporary Culture

David Lertis Matson (Hope International University)

Brendan Sweetman, Why Politics Needs Religion: The Place of Religious Arguments in the Public Square

Herbert Miller (University of Dayton)

Ronald B. Flowers, Melissa Rogers, and Steven K. Green, Religious Freedom and the Supreme Court

Andy G. Olree (Faulkner University)

John Drane, After McDonaldization: Mission, Ministry, and Christian Discipleship in an Age of Uncertainty

Andrew Ramey (Parkway Christian Church)

James K.A. Smith, Desiring the Kingdom: Worship, Worldview, and Cultural Formation

James E. Sedlacek (God's Bible School and College)

Juan Francisco Martinez, Walk with the People: Latino Ministry in the United States

Daniel A. Rodriguez (Pepperdine University)

Raouf Ghattas and Carol B. Ghattas, A Christian Guide to the Qur'an: Building Bridges in Muslim Evangelism

Wes Harrison (Ohio Valley University)

Daniel Treier, Introducing Theological Interpretation of Scripture

Frank E. Dicken (St. Mary's Seminary and University)

John N. Oswalt, The Bible among the Myths

Douglas Redford (Cincinnati Christian University)

Daniel I. Block, ed., Israel: Ancient Kingdom or Late Invention?

Craig D. Bowman (Rochester College)

Peter C. Bouteneff, Beginnings: Ancient Christian Readings of the Biblical Creation Narratives

Gary H. Hall (Lincoln Christian Seminary)

Thomas B. Dozeman and Konrad Schmid, eds., A Farewell to the Yahwist? The Composition of the Pentateuch in Recent European Interpretation

Paul J. Kissling (TCMI Institute)

Bill T. Arnold, Genesis

Stephen M. Hooks (Atlanta Christian College)

Telford Work, Deuteronomy

Daryl Docterman (Cincinnati Christian University)

Gerald H. Wilson, Job

Glenn D. Pemberton (Abilene Christian University)

Craig G. Bartholomew, Ecclesiastes

Rob Fleenor (Asbury Theological Seminary)

Tremper Longman III, Jeremiah, Lamentations

Stephen Paul (Milligan College)

Philip Cary, Jonah

Daryl Docterman (Cincinnati Christian University)

Michael H. Burer and Jeffrey E. Miller, A New Reader's Lexicon of the Greek New Testament

James E. Sedlacek (God's Bible School and College)

Everett Ferguson, Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries

Mike R. Beggs (Newberry College)

F. LeRon Shults and Andrea Hollingsworth, The Holy Spirit

David Hershey (Penn State Berks)

Marcus J. Borg and John Dominic Crossan, The First Paul: Reclaiming the Radical Visionary behind the Church's Conservative Icon

David Lertis Matson, Hope International University )

J.R. Daniel Kirk, Unlocking Romans: Resurrection and the Justification of God

Stuart Paul (Fairborn, Ohio)

Richard A. Horsley, Jesus in Context: Power, People, and Performance

Rafael Rodriguez (Johnson Bible College)

Dale C. Allison, Jr., The Historical Christ and the Theological Jesus

Chris Keith (Lincoln Christian University)

Margaret Elizabeth Köstenberger, Jesus and the Feminists: Who Do They Say That He Is?

Robert F. Hull, Jr. (Emmanuel School of Religion)

Raquel A. St. Clair, Call and Consequences: A Womanist Reading of Mark

Jessica R. Harden (Great Lakes Christian College)

Paul Barnett, Paul: Missionary of Jesus

Chris Keith (Lincoln Christian University)

Magnus Zetterholm, Approaches to Paul: A Student's Guide to Recent Scholarship

Scott Stocking (Lincoln Christian University)

Gerald L. Bray, ed., Commentaries on Romans and 1-2 Corinthians: Ambrosiaster

Carl S. Sweatman (University of Gloucestershire)

Darian Lockett, Purity and Worldview in the Epistle of James

William R. Baker (Cincinnati Bible Seminary)

T. Scott Daniels, Seven Deadly Spirits: The Message of Revelation's Letters for Today's Church

Les Hardin (Florida Christian)

Quotables for this issue were chosen by Adam L. Bean, Emmanuel School of Religion

"When one has made Yahweh one's object of fear, one can remain calm in the face of other fears . . . and live by God's standard of justice and righteousness."

J. J. M. Roberts, "Security and Justice in Isaiah" (SCJ 13.1:79)

Jane was described as "the rankest kind of an abolitionist and never hesitated to denounce slavery as an abomination."

Ethelene Bruce White, "Jane Campbell Mckeever (1800-1871): A Brief Biography with Comparison to her Brother Alexander on the Issue of Slavery" (SCJ 13.10)

"Although her area of influence was not as extensive as was Alexander's, Jane Campbell McKeever used her particular talents, resources, and circumstances to advance higher education for women, to promote freedom for slaves, and to lead others to the deliverance available in Jesus Christ"

Ethelene Bruce White, "Jane Campbell Mckeever (1800-1871): A Brief Biography with Comparison to her Brother Alexander on the Issue of Slavery" (SCJ 13.16)

"In addition to singing correct theology, Campbell wanted Christians to know the content of their songs and to engage their minds when they sang."

"'Creed in Metre': A Study in Campbell's First Hymnal" (SCJ 13.1:23)

"While much study remains to be done on the whole line of Campbell hymnals, the first one represents Campbell's successful effort to provide a statement of faith, a "creed in metre" for the Christians in his care."

"'Creed in Metre': A Study in Campbell's First Hymnal" (SCJ 13.1:29)

"Stone's staggering reply was that if Campbell called brother only those who pray to Jesus as God and "supremely" worship him, then Campbell should not call him brother"

Peter H. Cariaga,"Barton Stone's Unorthodox Christology" (SCJ 13.1:45)

"The solution to the vexing problem of how to decide on the meaning of our "bare minimum"—whatever that may be—is not to be found in claiming that "orthodox" confession is indisputable or obvious. That is precisely the lesson that Stone and Campbell's literal-logical Biblicism teaches."

Peter H. Cariaga,"Barton Stone's Unorthodox Christology" (SCJ 13.1:45)

"Microevolution is the strongest pillar of evolution, supported by everyone except the most fundamentalist Young Earth Creationists."

Hugh Henry and Dan J. Dyke,"Evolution as Mythology: Is The Modern Theory of Evolution Science or Myth?" (SCJ 13.1:49).

"Macroevolution is therefore an extension of microevolution. As noted above, microevolution is an established fact; the only question is its mechanism."

Hugh Henry and Dan J. Dyke,"Evolution as Mythology: Is The Modern Theory of Evolution Science or Myth?" (SCJ 13.1:49).

"In contrast to his political opponents, Isaiah maintained a consistent view throughout his long ministry. Peace, security, and well-being could not be obtained by the politics of fear, by ruthless and oppressive military preparations, or by cunning and dishonest military alliances."

J. J. M. Roberts, "Security and Justice in Isaiah" (SCJ 13.1:78)

"When one has made Yahweh one's object of fear, one can remain calm in the face of other fears and thus live out God's demands to give relief to the poor and needy, to live by God's standard of justice and righteousness."

J. J. M. Roberts, "Security and Justice in Isaiah" (SCJ 13.1:79)

"Paul as a Hellenized lone wolf going his own way in the early church is decreasingly the picture portrayed in the literature. Yet the disagreement about the presence of allusions to Jesus' logia continues."

David A. Fiensy, "The Synoptic Logia of Jesus in the Ethical Teachings of Paul" (SCJ 13.1:71)

"Another author [Cottrell] offers that it is misguided to assume that Jesus' teachings are important for Christians. But if Paul (not to mention the Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and John) placed such value on Jesus' ethical teaching, then perhaps this author's statement is, itself, misguided. Paul… considered the ethical teachings of Jesus one of his main gifts to the church."

David A. Fiensy, "The Synoptic Logia of Jesus in the Ethical Teachings of Paul" (SCJ 13.1:98)
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Volume 26 Issue 1

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VOLUME 26, No. 1
Spring 2023



William R. Baker
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