In 1850 the American Christian Missionary Society inaugurated its foreign work with a mission to Jerusalem under the direction of Dr. James T. Barclay. A staunch millennialist, Barclays initial priority was evangelizing Jews, however, lack of success and waning financial support led Barclay to rethink his mission strategy as he developed theological rationale for evangelizing Jerusalems Muslim majority by fitting Islam and the Ottoman Empire into his millennial and eschatological expectations.
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