Although Alexander Campbell rejected the well-known tenets of Calvinist soteriology, he was surprisingly negative in his assessment of Arminianism. Since there is no thorough study of Campbell’s reception of Arminianism, this article seeks to take the initial steps in filling the gap. The article explores, first of all, Campbell’s criticisms of Arminian theology. It then comments on Campbell’s sources of information regarding Arminianism and analyzes what he means by the term. Finally, it compares aspects of Campbell’s thought with historic Arminianism and suggests some areas of fruitful conversation.