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Volume 4 Issue 2

Editor's Preface

September 11, 2001, will forever remain etched in our memories as a day of horrific evil. The images of two passenger planes crashing into the twin towers of the World Trade Center and another into the Pentagon continue to affect us all. The number of lives harmed by this tragedy, even beyond the over 6,000 deaths, is inestimable. As a nation that for the most part attempts to do good at home and around the world and as individuals who try to be good to our neighbors, we sometimes think God is supposed to insulate us from the destructive power of evil. Yet this is not a biblical view. In the world God created, which allows people free choice to do what God wants or not, harm falls indiscriminately upon the undeserving as well as the deserving as do the benefits of the sun. This is a mystery of life as God created it that we cannot fully fathom as articulated so well in Ecclesiastes. As we struggle to recover from this evil, we see that hope and good in the end trump evil, even as God and his people will eternally triumph over all evil.

As our heads swirl with integrating the World Trade Center tragedy into our worldview, it is more critical than ever that we come to grips with the problem of evil from a biblical perspective. In this light, I am please to announce that the theme for the first ever Stone-Campbell Journal National Conference, to be held March 1-2, 2002, at First Christian Church, Florissant, MO, is “The Problem of Evil.” Our featured guest speaker is Greg Boyd. He is Senior Minister, Woodland Hills Church, St. Paul, MN and Professor of Theology, Bethel College, who just a few months ago published Satan and the Problem of Evil with InterVarsity, having recently also published The God of the Possible with Baker, the latter reviewed in this issue of SCJ. Greg is one of the leading thinkers in the Free-Will Theism, or Openness of God theological explorations, and will approach the topic from this perspective. The two other featured speakers will be John Mark Hicks, Professor of Theology, Lipscomb University, who will explore the problem of evil from an early Stone-Campbell perspective, and Mark Krause, Academic Dean, Puget Sound Christian College, who will explore how postmodern theological thinking deals with evil.

The Stone-Campbell Journal National Conference invites SCJ subscribers plus academics, ministers, and students to gather together for stimulating presentations and warm fellowship. Those who would like to present papers in parallel sessions are invited to provide a topic and brief abstract to me by February 1. The conference will last all day on Friday, March 1, and will end at noon on Saturday, March 2. Primary housing will be at Baymont Inn, Hazelwood, MO (314-731-4200) for $48 per night (double). Cost for the conference will be $18 to SCJ subscribers and $28 to nonsubscribers. A Friday night dinner will be $12. As an SCJ subscriber, you will receive or may already have received an invitation and registration information in the mail. If you need further information, please contact me at or at 314-837-6777, ext. 1507, or consult our Web site at

If you are a Leaven subscriber who is receiving this complimentary issue of SCJ, I welcome you to our pages. You will see that although both Leaven and SCJ are joint operations of Church of Christ (a cappella) and Christian Churches (independent), what we do is complementary. SCJ is more in the mold of a traditional, academic journal with articles on a variety of topics in historical, theological, and biblical areas, plus a wealth of current book reviews, while Leaven focuses each issue on a unifying topic. Stuart Love, editor of Leaven, and I encourage our readers to subscribe to both publications, and we are thankful to Leonard Wymore who garnered the financial support from Cornerstone Christian Foundation to send these samples to each of our subscribers. We encourage you to fill out the subscription card and send it in to keep abreast of the best and the latest Restoration scholarship.

Five articles are included in the issue. Tim Sensing’s critique of the Stone-Campbell Movement’s early dependence on the Baconian Method is a good followup to an article by David Little which broached this topic in SCJ 3.1 (Spring, 2000). Barry Blackburn’s careful analysis of the four Gospels for their perceptions of the humanity and divinity of Jesus comes out of the 2000 Restoration Theological Research Fellowship, an important venue which meets during the Society of Biblical Literature national meeting every year. Loren Stuckenbruck’s thorough analysis brings significant new background research to bear on the issue of angels and their role in 1 Cor 11:10. Tom Thatcher’s careful look at 1 John 5:6 offers stimulating suggestions on the meaning of “water and blood” with regard to the “AntiChrist.” Finally, Paul Kissling, one of our SCJ editors, presents an intriguing analysis on the meaning of “bow” which will cause readers never to look upon a rainbow the same way again.

William R. Baker, Editor

Abilene Christian University


The influence of Francis Bacon in the fields of rhetoric and philosophy parallels Isaac Newton’s achievements in the field of science. The Restoration Movement was greatly influenced by Bacon’s methodologies of inductive inquiry, yet maintained a deductive approach to rhetoric. A deductive rhetoric in a religious heritage that is strongly rooted in a Baconian methodology appears to be contradictory. Why is there a prolepsis? This article explores the incongruity between the homiletical and hermeneutical practices in the Restoration Movement.

Atlanta Christian College


By means of the Definition of Chalcedon (AD 451) the church expressed its faith in the full humanity and full deity of the one person Jesus Christ. The following article provides a survey of the Gospel data that compelled the church to frame such a confession.

Durham University, U.K.


In 1 Cor 11:2-16 Paul negotiates between theological ideals (11:11- 12) and his assumptions about the sexuality of men, women, and angels. Paul’s instructions derive from what he assumes is proper to the ordering of the cosmos. It is therefore less important to decide whether in 11:10 Paul is concerned with “good” or “bad” angels.

Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary


John and the “AntiChrists” appealed to the same Jesus tradition, but interpreted that tradition in radically different ways. While the AntiChrists emphasized the believer’s continuing revelatory experience via the Spirit, John insisted that new revelations must be consistent with the community’s teaching about the historical Jesus. This tension underlies the distinction between “water” and “blood” at 1 John 5:6-12.

Great Lakes Christian College


Three different explanations have been suggested for the “bow” that God gave as a sign of his postdeluvian covenant. While most people have understood this to be the rainbow, other biblical usage of the word “bow” might suggest a metaphor of God hanging up his weapon after war with creation. Alternatively, the shape of the bow could be suggestive of the firmament. Arguments may be made for each of these interpretations, but is it really necessary to choose one to the exclusion of the others? Since apparent double entendres can be easily found in the Scriptures, perhaps we should see here a triple entendre—all three meanings are to be considered by the reader.

Download book reviews for this issue.

David Edwin Harrell, Jr., The Churches of Christ in the Twentieth Century: Homer Hailey's Personal Journey of Faith

Charles R. Gresham (Kentucky Christian College)

D. Newell Williams, Barton Stone: A Spiritual Biography

John M. Imbler (Phillips Theological Seminary)

Thomas H. Olbricht and Hans Rollmann, eds., The Quest for Christian Unity, Peace, and Purity in Thomas Campbell's Declaration and Address: Text and Studies

Terry A. Chaney (Ozark Christian College)

Robert Richardson, Communings in the Sanctuary

William R. Baker (Saint Louis Christian College)

Paul Gutjahr, An American Bible: A History of the Good Book in the United States, 1777-1880

David Bundy (Christian Theological Seminary)

Robert S. Ellwood, 1950: Crossroads of American Religious Life

Matt McCook (Florida State University)

Stanley Jaki, The Savior of Science

Jim Sennett (Lincoln Christian College)

John Templeton, Possibilities for Over One Hundredfold More Spiritual Information: The Humble Approach in Theology and Science

James Riley Estep Jr. (Kentucky Christian College)

Alister E. Mcgrath, T.F. Torrance: An Intellectual Biography

James F. Sennett (Lincoln Christian College and Seminary)

The Bruderhof, ed., Gospel in Dostoyevsky: Selections from His Works

Thomas G. Ewald (Lincoln Christian Seminary)

Gregory A. Boyd, God of the Possible: A Biblical Introduction to the Open View of God

Kelvin Jones (Kentucky Christian College)

Gary Dorrian, The Remaking of Evangelical Theology

Rex Hamilton (Rochester College)

Rodney Clapp, Border Crossings: Christian Trespasses on Popular Culture and Public Affairs

William R. Baker (Saint Louis Christian College)

Phillip E. Johnson, The Wedge of Truth: Splitting the Foundations of Naturalism

Charles Faber (Boise Bible College)

Michael W. Foss, Power Surge: Six Marks of Discipleship for a Changing Church

Dan Gannon (Community Bible Church, Marshall, Minnesota)

Kenneth J. Collins, ed., Exploring Christian Spirituality: An Ecumenical Reader

T. Scott Womble (Chambersburg Christian Church, Chambersburg, Illinois)

Alister E. McGrath, Christian Spirituality

Johnny Pressley (Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary)

Oliver Davies, Celtic Spirituality

Sara Fudge (Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary)

Cyril J. Barber and Robert M. Krauss, Jr., An Introduction to Theological Research: A Guide for College and Seminary Students

Thomas E. Stokes (Emmanuel School of Religion)

Raymond B. Dillard and Tremper Longman, III, An Introduction to the Old Testament

Douglas Redford (Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary)

Benjamin Uffenheimer, Early Prophecy in Israel

Chris A. Rollston (Emmanuel School of Religion)

Patrick D. Miller, The Religion of Ancient Israel

Robert J. Owens, Jr. (The General Theological Seminary)

Anthony Meredith, Gregory of Nyssa

Paul Patterson (Saint Louis University)

Sarah B. Pomeroy, Stanley M. Burstein, Walter Donlan, and Jennifer Tolbert Roberts, Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History

Brian E. Messner (Lincoln Christian College)

Alvin F. Kimel, Jr., ed., This Is My Name Forever: The Trinity and Gender Language for God

Robert F. Hull, Jr. (Emmanuel School of Religion)

Bruce Shields, From the Housetops: Preaching in the Early Church and Today

Joseph M. Webb (California State University, Fullerton)

Robert J. Karris, Prayer and the New Testament: Jesus and His Communities at Worship

Jared Odle (Harvest Prayer Ministries)

Martin Hengel, The Four Gospels and the One Gospel of Jesus Christ: An Investigation of the Collection and Origin of the Canonical Gospels

Jon A. Weatherly (Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary)

Bruce W. Winter, After Paul Left Corinth: The Influence of Secular Ethics and Social Change

Bryan K. Fergus (Glendale Christian Church, Glendale, Arizona)

Jerome D. Quinn and William C. Wacker, The First and Second Letters to Timothy; I. Howard Marshall (in collaboration with Philip H. Towner), The Pastoral Epistles; William D. Mounce, Pastoral Epistles

Thomas Scott Caulley (Manhattan Christian College)

Paul Beasley-Murray, The Message of the Resurrection: Christ Is Risen!

Allan J. McNicol (Institute for Christian Studies)
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