It is no secret that our movement, known these days as the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement, has always favored Alexander Campbell as our intellectual and theological forefather. Perhaps this is because he has left us a massive collection of archived journals, like Millennial Harbinger and the Christian Baptist, or because he participated in riveting debates that were published and can be examined for his thoughts on matters still today. Nevertheless, it is appropriateeven long overduethat we turn our attention this year to Barton W. Stone.
On June 28, 1804, Barton Stone and five others signed the document known to us as the Last Will and Testament of the Springfield Presbytery (printed in its entirety in the front of this issue), marking out what all restoration historians consider to be the first, official, public document of the restoration movement. So we are celebrating this date as the 200th anniversary of the movement with our first "Special Issue" of SCJ: Celebrating 200 Years: From the Last "Will" to the First Encyclopedia. We also are trying on a new "look" for the occasion.
This title and the contents of this issue contain five presentations from the Third Annual SCJ Conference, held March 2627, at Cincinnati Bible Seminary. Over 130 attendees gathered to celebrate, fellowship, and be stimulated by the presentations of our three plenary session speakers, Randall Balmer, Doug Foster, and Newell Williams, and over 20 parallel sessions. I am delighted that we are able to make these three sessions, plus two parallel session presentations (Mark Krause and Tyler Howe) available to SCJ subscribers and others who could not attend the conference or who did attend and will value having these presentations available in published form.
Other events this year have celebrated the significance of this 200th anniversary. For nearly fifteen years, Doug Foster, Newell Williams, Paul Blowers, and Tony Dunnavant, had their sights set on June 28, 2004, to release the first ever Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement. This 800-page volume published by William B. Eerdmans, with over 200 illustrations (many never before available), involving well over 300 authors from all three streams of the movement, Stone-Campbell Journal 7 (Fall, 2004) 161163 Editor's Preface will not be officially published until about the time this issue of SCJ is available. However, a solemn dedication ceremony of this volume occurred as part of the official 200th anniversary of the Last Will and Testament, held at Cane Ridge, Kentucky, on the grounds of the famous meeting-house, June 26-28. An especially fitting tribute was given to Tony Dunnavant, who tragically died in 2001 before the project was completed and was laid to rest in the Cane Ridge cemetery.
On July 7, 2004, Stone-Campbell Journal presented Newell Williams as a Special Guest Lecturer at the North American Christian Convention in Phoenix. In a cast from a recent tennis injury, he spoke without notes on key factors in Barton W. Stone's life that contributed to his signing the Last Will and Testament, almost identical to the printed lecture in this issue of SCJ. Two points he made during the question-and-answer period struck me as highly significant. First, he observed that the most enduring influence from Stone seen in churches of Stone-Campbell heritage today is our practice of the Lord's Supper: all believers in attendanceand not just church membersare invited to participate in the Lord's Supper each week. Second, he noted that for Stone, the unity of Christians lies in the simple NT confession that Jesus Christ is Lord. This strikes me as something we can build upon as we interact with believers of many persuasions in our various endeavors.
Looking ahead to 2005, on April 15-16 Cincinnati Bible Seminary will host the Fourth SCJ Conference with the theme: It Still Speaks: Engaging the Old Testament Today. Special Guest Lecturer Danny Carroll, Professor of OT, Denver Seminary, will lecture on the topic of The Prophets and Social Ethics, seeking to answer two questions: "Can the prophets shed light on worship wars?" and "What does being 'Left Behind' have to do with ethics?" Three other speakers will round out the main sessions: Jesse Long, Jr. (Lubbock Christian University), "Kings"; Gary Hall (Lincoln Christian Seminary), "Deuteronomy and the Psalms: The Theological Unity of Torah and Worship in the Old Testament"; and Chris Rollston (Emmanuel School of Religion and an editor for SCJ, "Scribal Education in Ancient Israel: Biblical and Epigraphic Evidence." An open invitation is extended to all subscribers and readers to attend and to offer papers for parallel sessions. Those with interest in OT studies should see this as their year and take advanSCJ 7 (Fall, 2004): 161163 162 tage, but parallel sessions are always open to all topics. They are intended to encourage scholarship from students as well as professional academics. Topics should be sent to me no later than January 10, 2005. Check the web site and your mail for further information.
Looking back, Fred Norris, Emmanuel School of Religion, sent me a note after reading my preface to 7.1, which commented on the lives of Carl Henry and Robert Fife. He helpfully observed that Henry and Fife did likely meet when Milligan College hosted Henry as a guest lecturer in the early 1960s or at least when Henry taught a summer course at Emmanuel in the late 1970s.
Unfortunately, three more notable scholars among us have died in the past six months. Byron Lambert, Professor of Philosophy, FairleighDickenson University, died on March 16. One of the great joys in the earlier days of SCJ was the encouragement Byron gave me when I met him in 1997. His article in SCJ 1.2 (Fall, 1999) stands as tribute to his lifelong interest in C.S. Lewis. Lewis Foster, Distinguished Professor of NT, the heart and soul of NT studies at Cincinnati Bible College and Seminary for over fifty years, died on March 25. Reuben Bullard, Professor of Biblical Archaeology and Science, Cincinnati Bible Seminary, who helped energize the deep interest in archaeology among those of us in the Christian church (independent), died on July 3.
William R. Baker, Editor
The Last Will and Testament of the Springfield Presbytery was the
product of major theological struggles in British and American Presbyterianism,
yet few are familiar with the specifics of its historical
background. The importance of this document as a foundational text
of the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement merits careful examination
of the issues and personalities that shaped it. This study looks at
the history of conflict in Presbyterianism that is reflected in The Last
Will and Testament and provides brief sketches of its signers other than
Barton W. Stone.
June 28, 1804, Barton W. Stone signed the Last Will and Testament
of the Springfield Presbytery, willing that his presbytery "die, be desolved,
and sink into union with the Body of Christ at large." By so
doing, he believed that he was helping to usher in the millennium
Christs one thousand year earthly reign of peace and justice. Three
factors account for Stones action: his eighteenth-century evangelical
conversion, his growing commitment to antislavery, and his experience
of the Great Revival in the West.
The publication of the Last Will and Testament of the Springfield
Presbytery signaled a reorientation of American Protestantism from
English and European influences to American sources. Abetted by a
Common Sense reading of the Scriptures, the Restorationist movement,
in turn, has influenced the various forms of evangelicalism in
America, all of which claim an ahistorical, naïve approach to the
Bible in the formulation of their beliefs. Unlike evangelicalism, however,
Stone-Campbell Restorationism has retained its suspicion of
In the summer of 1625, a religious revival began in the town of
Antrim in the area of Northern Ireland known as Ulster. The Six
Mile Water Revival centered on an Arminian idea of communion
that transcended hierarchical church structure. The Cane Ridge
Revival of 1801 Kentucky includes important similarities with the
Six Mile Water Revival of 1625 Ulster. Both revivals combined
select Arminian teachings with Presbyterianism to create a unique
Walter Scott was enormously successful as an evangelist in the first half of the nineteenth century because of his development of a simple presentation of the gospel that came to be known as the Five-Finger Exercise. This study will examine the underlying Enlightenment assumptions that the Exercise employs and explore its viability for the postmodern milieu of the twenty-first century. In particular, the study will question the Exercises dependence upon sequentialism and rationalism.
Publication of the Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement,
edited by Douglas A Foster, Paul M. Blowers, Anthony L. Dunnavant,
and D. Newell Williams, by William B. Eerdmans (800 pp. $50.00)
in fall, 2004, for good reasons has been one the most anticipated books
in the history of the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement. In the
making from its inception in the minds eye of both Foster and
Dunnavant almost fifteen years ago, it is an unprecedented achievement
of unity, combining the knowledge and academic excellence of an
army of people from all three streams of the Movement, that will stand
as the touchstone for understanding the Movement for centuries to
come. For this reason SCJ has developed an article that brings together
numerous voices to critique and comment on it: a proud supporter
and advocate, three reviewers, and two of its editors.
Doris L. Bergen, ed., The Sword of the Lord: Military Chaplains from the First to the Twenty-First Century
Stanley K. Fowler, More Than a Symbol
James M. Penning and Corwin E. Smidt, Evangelicalism: The Next Generation
J.P. Moreland and William Lane Craig, Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview
Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, The Doctrine of God: A Global Introduction
Fumitaka Matsuoka and Eleazar S. Fernandez, eds., Realizing the Theology in Our Hearts: Theological Voices of Asian Americans
Fleming Rutledge, The Battle for Middle Earth: Tolkien?s Divine Design in The Lord of the Rings
John G. Stackhouse Jr., ed., Evangelical Ecclesiology: Reality or Illusion?
Timothy George, ed., Pilgrims on the Sawdust Trail: Evangelical Ecumenism and the Quest for Christian Identity
Terrance L. Tiessen, Who Can Be Saved? Reassessing Salvation in Christ and World Religions
George & Dora Winston, Recovering Biblical Ministry by Women: An Exegetical Response to Traditionalism and Feminism
Richard T. Hughes, Myths America Lives By
Carl A. Raschke, The Next Reformation: Why Evangelicals Must Embrace Postmodernity
Chris Altrock, Preaching to Pluralists: How to Proclaim Christ in a Postmodern Age
Bruce E. Shields, Preaching Romans
Gordon T. Smith, The Voice of Jesus: Discernment, Prayer and the Witness of the Spirit
Marcus J. Borg, The Heart of Christianity: Rediscovering a Life of Faith
Lyle W. Dorsett, Seeking the Secret Place: The Spiritual Formation of C.S. Lewis
Jan Linn, Twenty-Two Keys to Being a Minister without Quitting or Wishing for Early Retirement
Richard J. Mouw and Mark A. Noll, eds., Wonderful Words of Life: Hymns in American Protestant History & Theology
John D. Witvliet, Worship Seeking Understanding: Windows into Christian Practice
I. Howard Marshall, Beyond the Bible: Moving from Scripture to Theology
Bruce D. Chilton and Jacob Neusner, Classical Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism: Comparing Theologies
Warren Carter, Pontius Pilate: Portraits of a Roman Governor
Iain Provan, V. Phillips Long, Tremper Longman III, A Biblical History of Israel
William M. Schniedewind, How the Bible Became a Book: The Textualization of Ancient Israel
William P. Brown, ed., The Ten Commandments: The Reciprocity of Faithfulness
Fritz Volkmar, 1 & 2 Kings, Continental Commentary
Robert K. Johnston, Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes through the Lens of Contemporary Film
Brevard S. Childs, The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture
Ben Witherington III, The New Testament Story
Grant Osborne and Scot McKnight, The Face of New Testament Studies: A Survey of Recent Research
Terry L. Wilder, Pseudonymity, the New Testament, and Deception: An Inquiry into Intention and Reception
Michael J. McClymond, Familiar Stranger: An Introduction to Jesus of Nazareth
Mark Goodacre and Nicholas Perrin, Questioning Q: A Multidimensional Critique
Larry Chouinard, Matthew
E. Randolph Richards, Paul and First-Century Writing: Secretaries, Composition and Collection
Donald P. Senior and Daniel J. Harrington, 1 Peter, Jude, 2 Peter