November 2005 will mark the tenth year those from the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement have met as an official group of the Evangelical Theological Society. Originally, Robert Kurka (Lincoln Christian College), Paul Pollard (Harding University), Ed Myers (Harding University), and I wanted to provide a forum for us to discuss theological distinctives we have from evangelicals, to promote friendships among us, and to raise awareness of our growing presence at ETS.
Over the years we have dialogued about evangelicalism, faith, the Holy Spirit, baptism, the church, the Old Testament, Open Theism, the theology of the Gospel of John, eschatology, and this year the Lords Supper (with papers from Lynn McMillonOklahoma Christian University, Mark KrausePuget Sound Christian College, John Mark HicksLipscomb University, with a response by Howard MarshallUniversity of Aberdeen).
One of the most delightful moments I experienced a few years ago at ETS made me believe we were reaching one of our goals. Sitting one row behind a distinguished gentleman, he looked up from his program to say, "Who are these Stone-Campbell people, anyway?" At least our presence in the book had caught his attention.
More substantial accomplishments have occurred since then, especially this year. Looking up from my 2004 program, I grinned. Not counting the three people presenting papers in our Stone-Campbell group, a total of eight from Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement were making presentations in various sessions and four were presiding over sessions. We are no longer just talking to ourselves at ETS, we are engaging as full-fledged members throughout the program.
This reality is further underscored by the fact that during the past year eight book reviews and one article from people of the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement have appeared in the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, plus one of our folks is on an ETS committee. ETS is not the only forum to engage in scholarship, but it is a good one. As we continue to be involved, I am convinced even more opportunities will come.
This issue of SCJ features an interesting variety of articles from all new participants. Two of them, Patrick Spencer (University of Durham) and Trevor Cochell (Baylor University), currently are Ph.D. students and another, John Rumple (University of Edinburgh), recently completed his Ph.D. So, we are pleased to be getting to benefit from the fruits of their very serious labors. You will enjoy reading their thorough work. Speaking of thorough, Kelvin Joness article on divine sempiternality, as its title suggests, delves deeply into critical concerns about who God is in relation to time and is very much worth the intellectual effort to read. Jess Hale, Jr., our first lawyer to publish in SCJ, explores the fascinating interplay of public policy with both historical and current thinkers of the Stone-Campbell Movement. Also, Rick Albee does a great job of rethinking H. Richard Niebuhrs famous Christianity and culture paradigms.
Finally, the overwhelmingly positive response to our cover makeover in the last issue has convinced us that we want to keep the new look. Also readers will note the addition of e-mail contact information for our authors. Hopefully, this will enable meaningful engagement and dialogue with our authors or function as a vehicle to ask questions or send appreciation for their work. Enjoy!
William R. Baker, Editor
Slavery represented the definitive moral issue that challenged Alexander Campbell and Barton Stone. With Campbell responding as an ecumenist and Stone as a moralist, each one left their tradition a legacy that informs how their later followers address issues of race, public life, and ecclesiology in a moral context. This article examines the views of Campbell and Stone concerning slavery and briefly traces their moral legacies in the work of Michael Kinnamon, Jack Cottrell, and John Mark Hicks.
This article proposes a new paradigm for the relationship between Christ and culture that interacts with H. Richard Niebuhrs well-known five paradigms. Attempting to draw upon the strengths of his proposals, the proposal being put forward here, Christ witnessing to Culture, is a paradigm grounded in fundamental, biblical doctrine, has a christological basis, reflects the practice of the early church, and facilitates personal evangelism as well as Christian cultural witness. It is therefore recommended over Niebuhrs paradigms whose strengths it incorporates while simultaneously rejecting their weaknesses.
The concept of divine eternality as necessarily above time gained ascendance in classical Greek philosophy, was introduced into Christian theology especially by Augustine, and has since been dominant in Western Christian and now evangelical thought. The biblical texts, however, do not support this understanding, instead presenting divine eternality as the infinite duration of Gods existence. Temporality is an ordering principle of created reality because it is first and eternally an ordering principle of Gods own mind.
This article investigates whether Galilee was a hotbed of political revolution during the time of Jesus. After first outlining archaeological evidence to identify the Galileans of this era, it continues to examine in detail the literary evidence used by some NT scholars such as Richard Horsley to suggest that Galilee was full of social bandits and political unrest at the time. This article counters this view and advocates replacing it with a more moderate view that Jesus and his sayings took place during a relatively peaceful Galilean period.
Eucharistic connotations emanate from the narrative discourse of the Gospel of John, prompting the implied readerand subsequently real readersto historical actualization. The divine brings about reconciliation with communicants, such as Peter, who functions as a character type for those who are estranged from the divine. Participation in the Eucharistic event denotes symbolic embodiment of the communicant with the divine and, coupled with the charge Jesus gives to Peter, accentuates the importance of ethical enactment, whereby those who receive reconciliation are compelled to dispense spiritual and ecclesiastical reconciliation as brokers within the framework of ancient patronage. Worship, specifically the practice of Holy Communion, within churches of the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement, when examined through the lens of Eucharistic connotations of the Gospel of John, should assume a christological core. Focus is not on other communicants or the failings of the prior week but spiritual reconciliation and ethical obligations to impart spiritual and ecclesiastical restoration.
First Kings 12:25-33 provides an account of how Jeroboam I set out to establish the official religion of the North following ancient Israels division. Consideration of Jeroboams selected locations for cultic sites, his choice of bull-calf statues, and the formula recited reveals that Jeroboam did not institute novel practices in the official religion he sought to establish for the northern kingdom. Rather, he looked to ancient and accepted practices, thus playing the role of restorer rather than innovator. While this discussion may contribute to an apology for Jeroboam, the primary goal is an attempt at understanding his actions.
C. Leonard ALLEN, Things Unseen: Churches of Christ in (and after) the Modern Age Siloam Springs, AR: Leafwood, 2004. 218 pp. $14.99.
Jacques LE GOFF, Saint Francis of Assisi Trans. by Christine Rhone. New York: Routledge, 2004. 159 pp. $25.95.
Meic PEARSE, The Great Restoration: The Religious Radicals of the 16th and 17th Centuries Waynesboro: Paternoster, 2003. 320 pp. $16.49.
E.C. WHITAKER, Documents of the Baptismal Liturgy Revised and Expanded by Maxwell E. Johnson. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical, 2003. 309 pp. $39.95.
Donald FAIRBAIRN, Eastern Orthodoxy through Western Eyes Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2002. 216 pp. $19.95.
Kevin J. VANHOOZER, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 312 pp. $23.00.
Natalie K. WATSON, Feminist Theology Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003. 110 pp. $15.00.
John WEBSTER, Holiness Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003. 116 pp. $18.00.
T.M. MOORE, Redeeming Pop Culture: A Kingdom Approach Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2003. 168 pp. $11.95.
John W. RIGGS, Postmodern Christianity: Doing Theology in the Contemporary World New York: Trinity Press International, 2003. 147 pp. $19.00.
Harry Lee POE, Christianity in the Academy: Teaching at the Intersection of Faith and Learning Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004. 208 pp. $19.99.
Samuel ESCOBAR, The New Global Mission: The Gospel from Everywhere to Everyone Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003. 190 pp. $13.00.
David L. BARTLETT, Claudia A. HIGHBAUGH, and Stephen Butler MURRAY, eds., Crossing by Faith: Sermons on the Journey from Youth to Adulthood St. Louis: Chalice, 2003. 149 pp. $17.59.
Graham HUGHES, Worship as Meaning New York: Cambridge Univesity Press, 2003. 338 pp. $27.99.
Carolyn THOMAS, Reading the Letters of Saint Paul: Study, Reflection, and Prayer Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2002. 184 pp. $16.95.
Michael C. MORELAND, ed., Between Text and Artifact: Integrating Archaeology in Biblical Studies Teaching. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003. 272 pp. $34.95.
Edwin M. YAMAUCHI, Africa and the Bible Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004. 297 pp. $26.99.
Walter BRUEGGEMANN, An Introduction to the Old Testament: The Canon and Christian ImaginationLouisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2003. 448 pp. $24.95.
Marti J. STEUSSY, Chalice Introduction to the Old Testament St. Louis: Chalice, 2003. 275 pp. $34.99.
Ben C. OLLENBURGER, Old Testament Theology: Flowering and Future Second Edition. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2004. 544 pp. $42.95.
Victor H. MATTHEWS, Judges and Ruth New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 220 pp. $18.00.
Marti J. STEUSSY, Psalms Chalice Commentaries for Today. St. Louis: Chalice, 2004. 235 pp. $22.99.
Marvin A. SWEENEY, Zephaniah. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003. 208 pp. $47.00.
Bart D. EHRMAN, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 424 pp. $41.95.
Joel B. GREEN and Michael PASQUARELLO III, eds. Narrative Reading, Narrative Preaching: Reuniting New Testament Interpretation and Proclamation Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2003. 198 pp. $17.00.
R. Timothy MCLAY, The Use of the Septuagint in New Testament Research Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003. 207 pp. $30.00.
Larry HURTADO, Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003. 746 pp. $55.00.
Frederick Dale BRUNER, Matthew: A Commentary Revised and expanded edition. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004. Volume 1, The Christbook: 604 pages, $45.00. Volume 2, The Churchbook: 854 pp. $50.00.
Whitney SHINER, UProclaiming the Gospel: First-Century Performance of Mark New York: Trinity Press International, 2003. 214 pp. $23.00.
Craig R. KOESTER, Symbolism in the Fourth Gospel: Meaning, Mystery, Community 2nd Edition. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003. 347 pp. $27.00.
BTodd PENNER and Caroline Vander STICHELE, eds., Contextualizing Acts: Lukan Narrative and Greco-Roman Discourse Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003. 384 pp. $39.95.
James D.G. DUNN, ed., The Cambridge Companion to St. Paul New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 301 pp. $23.00.
Grant R. OSBORNE, Romans. IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2004. 400 pp. $23.00.
G.K. BEALE, 1-2 Thessalonians The IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2003. 279 pp. $20.00.
Patrick HARTIN, James of Jerusalem: Heir to Jesus of Nazareth Interfaces. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical, 2004. 170 pp. $14.95.